Solubility of Silver Chloride
    In important common solvents, expressed in grams per liter.
Solubility of Silver Chloride in Water
Temperature Grams Silver Chloride
dissolved per liter
14°C ( 57°F)   0.0014 g Silver Chloride  
20°C ( 68°F)   0.0016 g Silver Chloride  
25°C ( 77°F)   0.0020 g Silver Chloride  
42°C (108°F)   0.0040 g Silver Chloride  
100°C (212°F)   0.0218 g Silver Chloride  
Solubility of Silver Chloride in Ammonia (Aqueous Ammonia Solution)
Ammonia concentration Temperature Grams Silver Chloride
dissolved per 1,000 grams solvent
5% (0.998 sp. gr.) 12°C ( 54°F)   2.33 g Silver Chloride  
10% (0.960 sp. gr.) 18°C ( 64°F)   78.40 g Silver Chloride  
(0.986 sp. gr.) 80°C (176°F)   14.90 g Silver Chloride  
3% 25°C ( 77°F)   14.00 g Silver Chloride  
15% 25°C ( 77°F)   75.80 g Silver Chloride  
Solubility of Silver Chloride in Sodium Thiosulfate solutions
      of various concentrations by weight ( % Thiosulfate:Water)
% Thiosulfate
solution
Temperature Grams Silver Chloride
dissolved per 1,000 grams solution
1% 20°C ( 68°F)   3.8 - 4.0 g Silver Chloride  
5% 20°C ( 68°F)   18.3 - 20.0 g Silver Chloride  
10% 20°C ( 68°F)   35.0 - 41.0 g Silver Chloride  
15% 20°C ( 68°F)   50.2 - 55.0 g Silver Chloride  
20% 20°C ( 68°F)   61.0 - 64.1 g Silver Chloride  
20% 35°C ( 95°F)   90.8 g Silver Chloride  
Solubility of Silver Chloride in 26.31% Ammonium Chloride solutions
Temperature Grams Silver Chloride
dissolved per 1,000 grams solution
15°C ( 59°F)   2.76 g Silver Chloride  
40°C (104°F)   3.29 g Silver Chloride  
60°C (140°F)   4.21 g Silver Chloride  
80°C (176°F)   5.92 g Silver Chloride  
90°C (194°F)   7.11 g Silver Chloride  
100°C (212°F)   8.56 g Silver Chloride  
110°C (230°F)   10.53 g Silver Chloride  
Solubility of Silver Chloride in Ammonium Chloride solutions
Grams of Ammonium Chloride
per 1,000 grams solution
Temperature Grams Silver Chloride
dissolved per 1,000 grams solution
100.0 15°C ( 59°F)   0.050 g Silver Chloride  
142.9 15°C ( 59°F)   0.143 g Silver Chloride  
177.0 15°C ( 59°F)   0.354 g Silver Chloride  
192.3 15°C ( 59°F)   0.577 g Silver Chloride  
219.8 15°C ( 59°F)   1.100 g Silver Chloride  
253.1 15°C ( 59°F)   2.280 g Silver Chloride  
284.5 15°C ( 59°F)   3.400 g Silver Chloride  
Solubility of Silver Chloride in 14% Sodium Chloride solutions
Temperature Grams Silver Chloride
dissolved per 1,000 grams solution
15°C ( 59°F)   0.07 g Silver Chloride  
30°C ( 86°F)   0.11 g Silver Chloride  
40°C (104°F)   0.14 g Silver Chloride  
50°C (122°F)   0.23 g Silver Chloride  
70°C (158°F)   0.42 g Silver Chloride  
80°C (176°F)   0.54 g Silver Chloride  
90°C (194°F)   0.69 g Silver Chloride  
100°C (212°F)   0.90 g Silver Chloride  
110°C (230°F)   1.07 g Silver Chloride  
Solubility of Silver Chloride in 26.3% Sodium Chloride solutions
Temperature Grams Silver Chloride
dissolved per 1,000 grams solution
15°C ( 59°F)   1.28 g Silver Chloride  
30°C ( 86°F)   1.32 g Silver Chloride  
40°C (104°F)   1.58 g Silver Chloride  
50°C (122°F)   1.84 g Silver Chloride  
70°C (158°F)   2.63 g Silver Chloride  
80°C (176°F)   3.15 g Silver Chloride  
90°C (194°F)   3.68 g Silver Chloride  
100°C (212°F)   4.60 g Silver Chloride  
110°C (230°F)   5.71 g Silver Chloride  
Solubility of Silver Chloride in Various Sodium Chloride solutions
Grams NaCl per Grams Silver Chloride dissolved
Liter solution 20°C 50°C 90°C
34.3   0.0018   0.016 0.067
46.0   0.0025   0.025 0.100
57.5   0.0047   0.034 0.135
76.7   0.0125   0.058 0.236
115.0   0.031   0.124 0.436
153.0   0.090   0.191 0.732
230.0   0.313   0.889 1.706


NOTE: About Silver Chloride and solubility in general

When Silver Chloride is freshly prepared in solution, it looks and feels exactly like soft, white Cottage Cheese. This freshly prepared Silver Chloride, when rinsed and damp, before it is dry, or exposed to any light, will tend to be more soluble than commercially prepared, dry, blended, sifted Silver Chloride. During the drying, sifting and blending process, Silver Chloride undergoes subtle changes that are not always visible to the human eye. When dry, Silver Chloride hardens into pretty tough, but very tiny, little particles. The very outer layers of the dry Silver Chloride powder pieces tend to undergo changes when exposed to even dim lighting and oxygen that make the Silver Chloride powder less soluble in solutions. The more the light and heat, the more pronounced this effect becomes.

NOTE: About Silver Chloride and Ammonia Solubility

Many texts state that Silver Chloride is soluble in Ammonia, without giving any details. (~26.6 volumes of 15% Ammonia will dissolve ~1 volume of Silver Chloride.) In practice, however, you must really consider the practical quantities of each. When 287 grams of Silver Chloride dissolve in 1 Gallon of 15% Ammonia at room temperature, that's a lot of Ammonia (1 Gal.) to dissolve about 143ml (~.6 cup) of Silver Chloride.

15% Ammonia is a very disagreeable liquid indeed! Then, consider removing the Silver Metal from the ammonia. The ammonia fumes produced in this process are really unbearable. Dissolving Silver Chloride in Ammonia is more suited to very small quantity lab experiments.

NOTE: About Silver Chloride and Sodium Thiosulfate Solubility

Many texts state that Silver Chloride is soluble in Sodium Thiosulfate. It is, about like Ammonia, above, but more Silver Chloride dissolves when the solution is heated. The thing that the texts don't tell you, is that the solution is NOT clear. The solution looks like metallic water with brown mixed in with it. The solution filters well in a buchner funnel, but smells bad -- like the stinky geysers at Yellowstone. Also, as the Silver chloride is dissolving (it does not dissolve quickly) light affects it. The light reduces the Silver Chloride in the Thiosulfate solution to fine Silver powder much more aggressively than if the Silver Chloride were not in solution.

Dissolving Silver Chloride in Sodium Thiosulfate is more suited to small quantity lab experiments. At about $5 per pound (2006 prices) for Sodium Thiosulfate, it's an expensive way to dissolve Silver Chloride. Silver can, however be reduced from the hot solution using the sugar: 'Sorbitol'. (Works better than Glucose.)

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See Also: Silver Chloride MSDS Safety Sheet for Silver Chloride
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